In late November, the Motorcycle Industry Council announced that “Nearly one in five motorcycle owners is now female,” based on the results of their 2018 Motorcycle/ATV Owner Survey. “Moto-news” outlets, sycophant servants to the industry at large, content to serve as mere mouthpieces and mostly concerned with being first to Facebook, trumpeted the good news, quoting the press release and adding nearly nothing even approximating insight or analysis. Ecommerce retailers set their content farmers to the task of using the news to drive sales of “cute” boots with pink accents. That one website, revered for its supposed “no bullshit” take on all things moto, expressed a smidge of doubt, but the author, as always, kept his criticism vague and gentle, his punches so soft they might not have penetrated wet tissue paper.

Industry folks and individual riders—or perhaps more accurately, motorcycle owners—gleefully shared these links on social media, wi-fiving each other for this progress, while oldsters in painfully homogenous, monochromatic forums man-to-mansplained at each other, expounding on the topic of female ridership based on their experiences standing around the parking lot at their favorite pre- or post-ride haunt, confident and cocksure, blissfully unaware of their myopia.

This is the state of things, of course. The percentage of people who comprehend—or even read—beyond headlines is smaller than the percentage of women riders, whether we use this new 19% figure or 2009’s pathetic 10%. But we at CityBike have a long history of what I’ll call “doubting” the MIC’s takes on their data, which they often conveniently keep to themselves and their member companies, making analysis and informed commentary by thinking motorcyclists difficult—which of course, has not stopped us from talking shit.

I'm going to ask you a bunch of questions. I want to have them answered immediately. So I sent a bunch of questions to the MIC: may I please look at the actual data and methodology? Will you share the question set with me? Can you provide more background on the statement “the data suggests that women could soon make up one quarter of owners?” Can you share a breakdown of street versus dirt / ATV ownership among men and women? Were there any questions about ridership: annual miles, types of riding, etc? Am I correct in assuming that ownership in the survey is not household, but individual?

Why so many questions? Why not just be happy that more women are riding, or rather, owning motorcycles?

A Half-finished Glass of Haterade

If you’re a doubter, it’s easy to direct a stinky eye at the PR efforts about this joyful news. The release looks to have been rushed out in an unfinished state to coincide with the Women in Powersports gathering preceding IMS New York. It seems incomplete and unclear—for example, the MIC survey is about motorcycle and ATV ownership, but the release only talks about motorcycle ownership, presumably lumping it all together. I’ve said it before: all these powersports variations may be important parts of some dealerships’ and manufacturers’ revenue streams, but they’re not motorcycles. I also dislike that this industry group with an obvious interest in painting a rosy—or more accurately, a less shitty picture of the American motorcycle industry’s health, expects us to trust their interpretation at face value, with just the smidgiest smidge of publicly-released supporting data.

MIC Press Release - 19% of motorcycles are now owned by women.

Never mind that they’re sidestepping the question of how many owners are actually riders, actually a somewhat immaterial concern to the business of selling motorcycles. I’ve said this before too: it’s not the small base of oh-so-hardcore enthusiasts—the real riders, the racers, the true grit adventurers—that keep the industry alive, it’s the owners, the consumers. As much as the low-mileage, high-bling Ducati bike night posers—sorry, the Ducatisti—love to belittle the so-called Harley pirates and their penchant for excessive “investment” in chrome everything and too-high bars, and despite many of those big-bike buccaneers still calling anything that’s not a Harley a “rice rocket,” it’s these types of clowns—sorry, consumer segments—spending money, on motorcycles, varying levels of gear, accessories and the like.

Anyhooskies… I was all set to throw some shade on this triumphant song of burgeoning moto-equality based on my own extensive motocultural observations, but I’m a thinking man, who having basically called every quick-draw share button-puncher an asshole in the first couple paragraphs here, had two thoughts: first, that I’d better get my facts in order before publishing anything, lest the the jibber-jabbering masses catch on and call me on my own bullshit; and second, that I can’t be the boy that cried “where’s your data?!” without some data of my own.

To make my position abundantly clear, I’m not hating commenting on the MIC’s press release because I don’t want more women riders, or even just motorcycle owners of any gender, race, color or creed. If you look at the makeup of the crew here at CityBike, we’re way outperforming this 19% “progress” that the MIC and everyone else is so excited about, and we’ve been vocal about how badly the motorcycling world often treats women. But I recognize the MIC’s need to balance transparency and truth against touting their efforts and the efforts of the motorcycle industry to member companies, and the half- and kinda non-answers I received only served to reinforce my dubiosity as to the veracity of their claims. Though we’ve been known so spin some tales ’round here, we’re also concerned with truth—the whole truth—in areas where truth ought to be a concern.

I know, how quaint.

The MIC Responds to Officer Kimble

The MIC’s VP of Communications, Ty van Hooydonk, responded to my questions, and even sent me the survey methodology. I was hoping for more details, but it was well within norms for this sort of work. Here it is, in the name of cranking up the word count so my editor won’t yell at me for “lacking substance” or whatever:

2018 Motorcycle/ATV Owner Survey

Methodology

Survey Resources
Data collection was conducted via an online survey to a national panel of 2.5 million regular survey respondents and balanced to represent all U.S. households.

Sampling
The target sample size for owners is 2,000, for non-owners 1,500. The interview begins with a screening question to determine if someone in the household owns a motorcycle/ATV. If it is a non-owning household a separate questionnaire is completed to determine attitudes toward motorcycles and reasons for not owning. For owning households, basic model information for each vehicle is obtained. For households with more than one vehicle, one of the vehicles is randomly selected for detailed questioning.

Review and Model Coding
The responses are reviewed to confirm legitimacy and model codes along with associated model year, engine size, engine stroke, etc. Illegitimate responses are not used in the sample for statistical analysis.

Processing & Analysis
Using various statistical methods, the data is checked and adjusted for logical inconsistencies, methodological bias, seasonal bias, and other issues that might affect the results of the survey. In addition, the data is weighted to make it representative of the population at large.

Not surprisingly, the MIC wouldn’t share the source data or the full question set from the survey, but Monsieur Hooydonk did give me the MIC’s ownership numbers going back to 1990:

Year Percentage of Women Motorcycle Owners
2018 19%
2014 14%
2012 12%
2009 10%
2003 10%
1998 9%
1990 6%

The trend suggested by this table is the foundation for one of the leading statements in the press release: “the data suggests that women could soon make up one quarter of owners,” but the release goes further, saying: “the 2018 survey showed even greater female ownership within younger generations. Among Gen X motorcycle owners, 22 percent were women; among Gen Y, 26 percent were women.” According to MIC Director of Communications Andria Yu, “as the number of Boomer and mature motorcyclists shrink and are replaced by newer riders, we could soon be looking at a solid 25 percent of motorcycle owners being female.”

More on that in a moment.

I really wanted a breakdown of street and dirtbike / ATV ownership because, based on observations of CityBike staffers both male and female, I had a hypothesis that the “family” nature of the off-road world, the overall percentage might be skewed by higher female ownership in that segment. While Señor Hooydonk confirmed that they are indeed looking at individual, not household ownership, he told me he couldn’t share a breakdown of the types of motorcycles and ATVs owned by those surveyed because the MIC is “still compiling the results of the MIC 2018 Motorcycle/ATV Owner Survey. More is coming. But the MIC will report an increase in ownership among both men and women and the counts for both are slated to be released in January.”

More on that in a moment, too.

As with types of motorcycle ownership, I also didn’t get anything about miles ridden, types of riding, or any other details. I assume the survey included such questions, and I was eager to to have something quantifiable to clown “real man” riders with, but alas, not today.

More Better Data

I’ll certainly receive some feedback (hate mail) from some clever jerk(s) about how you can make data say whatever you want; statistics and damn lies; assumptions and asses; and all manner of other powerfully astute rejections of my analysis here, because I only gathered data from California. But I’m here to tell you, pops, we all know California is the best damn motorcycling state in the union, and really, the only state that matters. All the real riders live here, after all.

I reached out to a variety of organizations, and got solid answers—with real numbers—from the California DMV and Total Control Training, which is the current curriculum vendor and program manager for the California Motorcyclist Training Program (CMSP).

The DMV couldn’t give me a breakdown of motorcycle registrations by gender, which would have been wonderfully apples-to-apples, but they did give me a breakdown of licensing by gender.

California Motorcycle Licenses and Endorsements by Gender

Period / Type Total Male % Male Female % Female
As of July 1, 2018
Motorcycle License Only 1,384 1,162 83.96% 222 16.04%
Motorcycle Endorsement 1,457,740 1,282,994 88.01% 174,746 11.99%
As of July 1, 2017
Motorcycle License Only 1,414 1,181 83.52% 233 16.48%
Motorcycle Endorsement 1,462,174 1,288,377 88.11% 173,797 11.89%
As of July 1, 2016
Motorcycle License Only 1,378 1,143 82.95% 235 17.05%
Motorcycle Endorsement 1,438,123 1,268,678 88.22% 169,445 11.78%

I was gonna add columns for year-over-year percent changes, but as you can see, there’s no need—overall licensing and breakdown by gender are pretty stagnant. As for the small drop in licenses and endorsements from 2017 to 2018, I can only assume that’s due to people hearing I got hit by a car and marching down to their local DMV to surrender their license. “If even The Surj can get taken out, I’m done!”

It’s true that California isn’t the entire US, but the Golden State’s nearly 1.5 million licensed motorcyclists, or rather people with motorcycle licenses, is a much bigger sample size than the MIC’s 2,472, and if anything, I’d expect the percentage of women riders to be higher here, given our enhanced state of woke-ness, not to mention the constant shit-talking from “real Americans” in “free states” about how far-left female politicians wear the pants here and there are no “real men” left in California.

On to Total Control’s numbers. Lee Parks’ Total Control Training organization runs the California new motorcyclist training program under the auspices of the CHP / CMSP, as well as military-specific and other rider training programs across the country. Bobbie Carlson, Program Manager at Total Control, shared a breakdown of Motorcyclist Training Course (MTC, basic / new rider course) student by gender.

California Motorcyclist Training by Gender

Period Total Male % Male Female % Female
2018, through 9/10/18 36,634 29,180 79.65% 7,454 20.35%
2017 52,891 42,308 79.99% 10,583 20.01%
2016 57,844 46,506 80.40% 11,338 19.60%
2015 52,323 41,904 80.09% 10,419 19.91%

As with the DMV’s numbers, Total Control’s numbers are pretty flat—there’s no marked difference year to year suggesting increasing female ridership. However, the 20/80 split is right in line with the MIC’s 19%. As for why the percentage of women with a license or endorsement doesn’t line up with the training numbers, I’d guess it’s because new training numbers are a tiny minority compared to the long-standing number of dudes with endorsements, who cling to that shit as a last link to youthful rebellion, even if they haven’t sat on a motorcycle since we had an honorable president, let alone ridden. After all, there were 955,293 motorcycles registered in California in 2017—roughly 35% fewer bikes than the number of licenses and endorsements, and almost every rider I know has more than one motorcycle.

Is the MIC Telling the Truth?

Though I love to jawjack about the MIC and think that any increases in women owning and riding motorcycles are more likely in spite of—rather than thanks to—the industry’s oft-clumsy efforts; and wish they’d held off on pushing their half-baked analysis until someone completed the couple hours of spreadsheet jockeying required to include more of a conclusion, there’s no reason to believe they’re cooking the books here. Not really.

But… California’s data sure doesn’t jive with the trend the MIC is seeing. If we make the relatively safe assumption that new rider training is likely to include a larger portion of the Gen X and Y women that the MIC claims are replacing the outgoing oldsters, wouldn’t the percent of women taking the MTC course be higher? And given that men are arguably more given to dipshittery like riding without a license, wouldn’t we see a higher percentage of licensed women, instead of an even lower percentage?

Maybe I’m wrong about how dumb the average male motorcyclist is. I look forward to your feedback on that topic, dear reader.

There’s also this bit: “the MIC will report an increase in ownership among both men and women and the counts for both are slated to be released in January.” That statement is in stark contrast to the widely-reported challenges faced by the motorcycle industry. Maybe the “flourishing used bike market” I keep hearing about is driving this supposed increase in ownership. Maybe the MIC’s coming-soon update will clear things up for us in January.

Look, attempts at likely-too-opaque jocularity regarding the motorcycling supremacy of California aside, the Golden State’s topography and weather make it a hell of a place to be—or more germane to the matter at hand, become—a motorcyclist. This environmental factor would seemingly imply that California’s numbers ought to be better than the MIC’s national numbers, rather than barely even with, or even worse, in the case of licensing.

But in the interest of serious independent moto-journalism—we didn’t earn our reputation as the New Yorker of motorcycling by half-assing things—our team of interns has been tasked with ringing up every state DMV office across this already-great land, in hopes of painting a more complete picture of motorcycling humanity.

Just kidding. I’m our only intern, and I’ve got a Buell that needs fixin’.

Surj is the Editor and Jackass of All Trades here at CityBike. If you like excessive swearing and musings about how things were cooler back when Minor Threat was still a band, you’ll love his Uneasy Rider column.

26 Responses

  1. Patrick Shaughnessy

    Another insightful analysis, Surj. Thank you. While we had 44 today here in Chicago, our riding season has been done for nearly 6 weeks. Take care and hope you are recovery well.

    Reply
    • Piglet (Lawrence of Bavaria)

      I traveled through northern Illinois, southern Wisconsin, and NE Iowa the days before and after Christmas, and it was fine riding weather (OK, my feet did get a bit cool after 2 hours, and it was cold when I accidentally pulled loose the power cord to my heated vest).

      Reply
      • Patrick Shaughnessy

        You are correct, Piglet. I spoke too soon! Some of my friends (with heated gear) have ridden these past couple of weeks too. Good for you all and stay safe!

  2. Jungle Death

    Great article and analysis. Am looking forward to a follow up in February-ish…😉. 29 degrees F here in Reno this morn. Riding to work cuz I can, dirt check after work cuz I can. Thanks for keeping me motivated. 🤘

    Reply
  3. Plutonium MOTO

    I was sent a survey. From what I remember, the questions were more along the lines of what things I bought for my motorcycles vs what kind of riding and how many miles I did.

    Reply
    • Surj Gish

      Thanks for sharing that. It makes sense, given the business focus of the MIC. But I was hoping for at least avid versus casual rider or something like that. From a business perspective, for example, it’d be helpful: avid riders use more tires and other consumables; do they buy more accessories, gear, etc as well?

      Reply
      • Plutonium MOTO

        The questions were multiple choice and the options for things bought for bikes were more along the lines of aesthetic accessories (exhaust, chrome, etc) and not consumables like tires or maintenance parts. So as long as your bike’s highly farkled, it doesn’t matter how much you ride it 😉

  4. Cru Jones

    I too was skeptical at the MIC’s press release, so am glad to see someone take the time to thoroughly vet it. Thanks @surjgish:disqus

    I suspect a substantial amount of the “increase” is actually ATV (e.g. side-by-side) related and not actually of the two-wheeled type, but that doesn’t make for as exciting headlines.

    Reply
  5. Eric

    Interesting analysis. It is entirely possible that the gains are happening outside of California, though; CA is a very mature, sophisticated market, after all. I’d like to see you guys try to get some numbers from a few selected states in other regions, to see if there is movement in other areas.

    By the way, it’s a balmy 65 degrees in sunny Las Vegas today! Even warmer in my other home, Phoenix. This is riding season in the Southwest!

    Reply
    • Surj Gish

      That’s certainly a possibility, Eric. We’re working on getting more data, and actually have gotten some other cool and interesting stuff we’ll be looking at as a result of this digging.

      But… as you go down the list of states by number of registered motorcycles, once you get beyond the top few states (in descending order: CA, FL (ugh), OH, PA and NY), the gains in absolute numbers of riders needed to materially move the national percentage have to be massive. Based on 2016 registration data (the last state-by-state set we have), California has ~10% of motorcycle registrations, roughly equal to the bottom 18 states. The other four states in that top five have another ~20% of registrations.

      As for California’s maturity and sophistication, we’re trying hard to prove everyone wrong on that. 😉

      Reply
      • Eric

        For the record, I was using the word “maturity” in the same way you might use “established.” I was using “sophisticated” in the way you might use “savvy” or “well-informed”. I hope you never really grow up!

      • Eric

        This is exactly why I love reading your articles. Keep them coming!

  6. Larry Kahn

    Maybe they counted in the ads on Craigslist that say “wife says must sell” as female owners.

    Reply
    • Scott Roserunner Baldwin

      He married the wrong woman. There are women who want to date riders and can’t find any.

      Reply
      • Larry Kahn

        Well I’m searching for a stripper with grandfather issues that likes to ride, and I got plenty of bikes! Send them my way…

  7. Bekah

    Major kudos for this effort! The New Yorker of the motorcycling world does it again. I’d love to see the nationwide licensing stats, then start to figure out which efforts are working to get more women on two wheels. After all, the rising tide raises all ships… especially when there are those Debbie Downer reports that millennials are killing the industry.

    Reply
    • Surj Gish

      Thanks Bekah!

      You’ll be glad to know our team of interns spent the morning working on getting more data. We won’t get all fifty states, but we’re hoping to start with the top five (by registrations), which will represent 30% of registered bikes in the US.

      Reply
      • Bekah

        You know… If you want an intern for this project, give me a holler. For serious. My little nerd heart beats faster for this kind of stuff.

  8. Sam Bendall

    Surj, Absolutely love the insight on this. Well researched and great comparisons. Good job dude.

    Reply
  9. Scott Roserunner Baldwin

    While they are at it, ask the interns to figure out how many bikes are bought by girlfriends because their man has bad credit? I’m thinking it is a non-trivial percentage of total “female owned” bikes.

    Reply

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